Twenty-four hour energy expenditure and skeletal muscle gene expression changes after bariatric surgery

Type Article

Journal Article


S. Iesari; C. W. Le Roux; A. De Gaetano; M. Manco; G. Nanni; G. Mingrone

Year of publication



Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism








Context: Obesity is characterized by decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in muscle and shift from glucose to lipid oxidation, the so-called metabolic inflexibility. Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), a mainly malabsorptive bariatric operation, determines a prompt improvement of insulin resistance, but the mechanisms are still unclear. Objective: We aimed to estimate the response of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and hexokinase-II (HKII) gene expression to hyperinsulinemia before and after surgical treatment with a BPD or dietary-induced weight loss. The association with 24-hour energy expenditure and its different components-diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), resting energy expenditure, physical activity (PA) of daily living, and physical exercise-was also determined. Design, Setting, and Main Outcome Measures: Case-control study: 20 subjects, BPD vs diet-induced weight loss. Four subjects withdrew in the surgical arm and 1 subject withdrew in the dietary arm. Insulin sensitivity was measured by the euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. Energy expenditure was assessed by indirect calorimetry over 24 hours. Muscle biopsies were obtained during the clamp to measure gene expression: GLUT4 and HKII. Results: Insulin sensitivity increased significantly (P