Simulation of gastric bypass effects on glucose metabolism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with the Sleeveballoon device

Type Article

Journal Article


J. Casella-Mariolo; L. Castagneto-Gissey; G. Angelini; A. Zoli; P. Marini; S. R. Bornstein; D. J. Pournaras; F. Rubino; C. W. le Roux; G. Mingrone; G. Casella

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BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass surgery is a very effective treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, very few eligible patients are offered surgery. Some patients also prefer less invasive approaches. We aimed to study the effects of the Sleeveballoon - a new device combining an intragastric balloon with a connecting sleeve, which covers the duodenal and proximal jejunal mucosa - on insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, body weight and body fat distribution. METHODS: We compared the effects of Sleeveballoon, Roux-en-Y Gastric-Bypass (RYGB) and sham-operation in 30 high-fat diet (HFD) fed Wistar rats. Whole body and hepatic insulin sensitivity and insulin signaling were studied. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed using a Vevo 2100 system (FUJIFILM VisualSonics Inc., Canada). Gastric emptying was measured using gastrografin. FINDINGS: Hepatic (P = .023) and whole-body (P = .011) insulin sensitivity improved in the Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups compared with sham-operated rats. Body weight reduced in both Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups in comparison to the sham-operated group (503.1 ± 8.9 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006 and 490.0 ± 17.7 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006, respectively). Ectopic fat deposition was drastically reduced while glycogen content was increased in both liver and skeletal muscle. Gastric emptying (T(1/2)) was longer (157.7 ± 29.2 min, P = .007) in the Sleeveballoon than in sham-operated rats (97.1 ± 26.3 min), but shorter in RYGB (3.5 ± 1.1 min, P