Prevalence, risk factors, and disease associations of overweight and obesity in cats that visited the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis from January 2006 to December 2015
C. F. Chiang; C. Villaverde; W. C. Chang; A. J. Fascetti; J. A. Larsen
Year of publication
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Overweight and obesity are commonly diagnosed in domestic cats, and undermine cats' quality of life directly or indirectly via various disease processes known to be associated with overweight and obesity. Epidemiological studies have reported varied overall prevalence among different feline populations, and commonly identified risk factors such as neutering. However, disease associations were not consistently reported. The status of feline overweight and obesity in a referral veterinary teaching hospital in the United States remains undefined as well. The present study used descriptive statistics and logistic regression models to analyze feline medical records obtained at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis from January 2006 to December 2015 and to characterize the prevalence of overweight and obesity, risk factors, and disease associations. In 9,062 feline records analyzed, the overall prevalence of overweight (17.2%; n = 1,560) and obesity (23.8%; n = 2,160) was 41.0%. Neutered, male, and crossbred cats that were in age groups between 3.0 and 14.9 years old and presented with disease processes in orthopedic, dentistry, and urinary categories were positively associated with overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity are prevalent problems, which can benefit from continual veterinary education emphasizing its importance. Structured disease surveillance plans monitoring these associated factors also help guide further research and ideally can contribute to development of better prevention strategies for overweight and obesity.