Validated Scoring Systems for Predicting Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery

Type Article

Journal Article


M. Abdelaal; C. W. Le Roux; N. G. Docherty

Year of publication



Bariatric Surgical Practice and Patient Care








Background: Metabolic surgery is a new term used to emphasize the metabolic benefits of a variety of bariatric surgery procedures, particularly with relationship to the treatment of type 2 diabetes and its complications. Means by which the likely impact of metabolic surgery on diabetes could be assessed in individual patients would be of clinical value. Methods: Two main scoring systems (ABCD and DiaRem) have been proposed to predict remission of diabetes after metabolic surgery. We present a description of these systems, discuss the sources of differences in their predictive power, and suggest means by which to improve predictive power. Results: ABCD is more predictive in patients with intermediate and poorer scores. Neither score is validated as a means of predicting, which patients will benefit most from the repercussions of improved glycemic control in terms of complications. Conclusion: A composite scoring system derived from ABCD and DiaRem may improve prediction of postoperative remission rates. Such a system should be considered principally as an aid to decision-making. Excessive focus on prediction of long-term remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus should be avoided in favor of identifying which patients may stand to benefit most, even if full clinical remission is not achieved.