Prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome in a southern Chinese population: Relation to exercise, smoking, and educational level

Type Article

Journal Article


Y. Q. Li; L. Q. Zhao; X. Y. Liu; H. L. Wang; X. H. Wang; B. Li; K. P. Deng; Y. Zhang; Q. Liu; H. Holthofer; H. Q. Zou

Year of publication



Saudi Medical Journal








Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome) MetS (and the impact of exercise, smoking, and educational level on the risk of MetS in a southern Chinese population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Zhuhai City, China from June to August 2012. Data on exercise, smoking, and educational level, anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, lipid, and glucose levels were collected. The prevalence of MetS (as defined by the International Diabetes Federation) was determined. Data necessary to evaluate MetS, the socio-economic characteristics, and lifestyle were obtained for 4645 subjects aged 18-75 years old. Results: A total of 19.8% of the participants had MetS. The adjusted odds of having MetS were lower among males)adjusted odds: 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.57-1.01) compared with females. Those participants who currently smoked had a higher risk of developing MetS compared with non-smokers) adjusted odds: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.13-2.50). Those who had no physical exercise had a higher risk of developing MetS compared with those who physically exercised more than 60 minutes/day (adjusted odds: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.12-2.23;). Compared with those with no education, every category of attained educational level had a lower risk of developing MetS (p