Oxyntomodulin and Glicentin May Predict the Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Food Preferences and Weight Loss

Type Article

Journal Article


M. S. Nielsen; C. Ritz; N. J. Wewer Albrechtsen; J. J. Holst; C. W. le Roux; A. Sjödin

Year of publication



J Clin Endocrinol Metab







BACKGROUND: Alterations in several gastrointestinal hormones are implicated in the postoperative suppression of food intake leading to weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). The aim was to evaluate changes in responses of gastrointestinal hormones after RYGB and SG and the associations of these changes with weight loss, energy intake, and food preferences. METHODS: Forty-two subjects with severe obesity were included (32 RYGB; 10 SG). Postprandial responses of glicentin, oxyntomodulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and ghrelin were measured before and 6 months after surgery. Energy intake and energy density were assessed before and 6 months after surgery using a buffet meal test and weight loss was assessed 18 months after surgery. RESULTS: Postprandial concentrations of glicentin, oxyntomodulin, GLP-1, and ghrelin differed between RYGB and SG (all P ≤ .02). Enhanced responses of glicentin and oxyntomodulin predicted a greater weight loss (both P