Obesity in patients with established coronary artery disease over a 20-year period (1997–2017)

Type Article

Journal Article


P. Kozieł; P. Jankowski; E. Mirek-Bryniarska; J. Nessler; P. Podolec; D. de Bacquer; K. Kotseva; D. Wood; D. Czarnecka; K. Kawecka-Jaszcz; A. Pająk

Year of publication



Polish Archives of Internal Medicine








bAcKGround Body mass reduction in overweight and obese people so as to reduce blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and the risk of type 2 diabetes as well as to lower the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events is strongly recommended in current guidelines. objEctIvEs To evaluate changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in patients with established coronary artery disease over a 20-year period (1997–2017). PAtIEnts And mEthods Consecutive patients younger than 71 years of age and hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome or myocardial revascularization procedures were recruited and interviewed 6 to 18 months after their discharge from hospital. Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured in 1997 to 1998, 1999 to 2000, 2006 to 2007, 2011 to 2013, and 2016 to 2017. The same 5 hospitals took part in the surveys each time. rEsuLts We examined 412 patients in 1997 to 1998 (survey 1), 427 in 1999 to 2000 (survey 2), 422 in 2006 to 2007 (survey 3), 462 in 2011 to 2013 (survey 4), and 272 in 2016 to 2017 (survey 5). The proportion of obese patients was 24.5% in survey 1, 27.2% in survey 2, 34.1% in survey 3, 35.9% in survey 4, and 40.4% in survey 5 (P