Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study

Type Article

Journal Article


S. Navas-Carretero; R. San-Cristobal; K. M. Livingstone; C. Celis-Morales; C. F. Marsaux; A. L. Macready; R. Fallaize; C. B. O'Donovan; H. Forster; C. Woolhead; G. Moschonis; C. P. Lambrinou; M. Jarosz; Y. Manios; H. Daniel; E. R. Gibney; L. Brennan; M. C

Year of publication



Int J Food Sci Nutr








The objective was to evaluate differences in macronutrient intake and to investigate the possible association between consumption of vegetable protein and the risk of overweight/obesity, within the Food4Me randomised, online intervention. Differences in macronutrient consumption among the participating countries grouped by EU Regions (Western Europe, British Isles, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe) were assessed. Relation of protein intake, within isoenergetic exchange patterns, from vegetable or animal sources with risk of overweight/obesity was assessed through the multivariate nutrient density model and a multivariate-adjusted logistic regression. A total of 2413 subjects who completed the Food4Me screening were included, with self-reported data on age, weight, height, physical activity and dietary intake. As success rates on reducing overweight/obesity are very low, form a public health perspective, the elaboration of policies for increasing intakes of vegetable protein and reducing animal protein and sugars, may be a method of combating overweight/obesity at a population level.