High-density lipoprotein subfractions display proatherogenic properties in overweight and obese children

Type Article

Journal Article


J. McEneny; S. Blair; J. V. Woodside; L. Murray; C. Boreham; I. S. Young

Year of publication



Pediatr Res








BACKGROUND: In adults, obesity-driven inflammation can lead to increased cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, information regarding childhood obesity and its inflammatory sequelae is less well defined. Serum amyloid-A (SAA) is an inflammatory molecule that rapidly associates with high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) and renders them dysfunctional. Therefore, SAA may be a useful biomarker to identify increased CVD potential in overweight and obese children. METHODS: Young Hearts 2000 is a cross-sectional cohort study in which 92 children who were obese were matched for age and sex with 92 overweight and 92 lean children. HDL(2) and HDL(3) (HDL(2&3)) were isolated from plasma by a three-step rapid-ultracentrifugation procedure. SAA was measured in serum and HDL(2&3) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure, and the activities of cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) and lecithin cholesteryl acyltransferase (LCAT) were measured by fluorimetric assays. RESULTS: Trends across the groups indicated that SAA increased in serum and HDL(2&3) as BMI increased, as did HDL(2)-CETP and HDL(2)-LCAT activities. CONCLUSION: These results have provided evidence that overweight and obese children are exposed to an inflammatory milieu that impacts the antiatherogenic properties of HDL and that could increase CVD risk. This supports the concept that it is important to target childhood obesity to help minimize future cardiovascular events.