Gender differences in central obesity: Implications for cardiometabolic health in South Asians
D. S. Prasad; Z. Kabir; K. Revathi Devi; P. S. Peter; B. C. Das
Year of publication
Indian Heart J
This study estimates the prevalence of central obesity in South Asian adults and examines gender differences in central obesity across cardiometabolic determinants. An urban community-based survey was conducted using multi-stage random sampling. Asia-Pacific criterion for waist circumference (WC) was used to measure central obesity. Amongst 1178 participants, females had a higher age-adjusted central obesity (48%), and more than two-fold increased odds of central obesity. Increased prevalence of central obesity and female preponderance are indicative for a gender-sensitive population-level intervention to tackle cardiometabolic risk. WC may be an effective population-level measurement tool for cardiometabolic risk assessment in South Asian adults.