Does the severity of obesity influence bone density, geometry and strength in adolescents?
V. Julian; G. O'Malley; L. Metz; D. Weghuber; D. Courteix; A. Fillon; Y. Boirie; M. Duclos; B. Pereira; D. Thivel
Year of publication
BACKGROUND: Relationships between the severity of obesity and bone health remain underexplored. OBJECTIVES: To compare whole-body and localized bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD), trabecular bone score (TBS) and hip geometry and strength between adolescents with obesity versus extreme obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 154 adolescents (12-15 years, 62% females) who were classified as having obesity (OG, [95th-99th] percentile) or extreme obesity (EOG, >99th percentile). Fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM), BMC, BMD for total-body-less-head (TBLH), lumbar spine (LS), hip, TBS and geometric and strength indices at the narrow-neck (NN), femoral shaft (FS) and intertrochanteric regions (IT) were assessed by Dual-X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA). RESULTS: There was no significant sex-interaction. For both sexes, TBLH BMC and BMD were not different between groups. TBS was lower in EOG compared with OG in both sexes in univariate analysis and after adjustment with maturation and body weight (p