Atlantic DIP: is weight gain less than that recommended by IOM safe in obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus?
D. Bogdanet; M. Mustafa; A. Khattak; P. M. O. Shea; F. P. Dunne
Year of publication
Int J Obes (Lond)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends gestational weight gain (GWG) of 5-9 kg in women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2). Debate continues as to whether GWG less than that recommended is safe in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The study objective was to examine maternal and infant outcomes for obese women with GDM who lost weight or gained 0-5 kg during pregnancy. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A 7-year retrospective cohort study of pregnancy outcomes for obese women with GDM recorded in the Atlantic Diabetes in Pregnancy database was conducted. We examined pregnancy outcomes for mothers with GDM and a BMI ≥ 30 who either lost weight or gained 0-5 kg (Group 1, n = 237) and women who gained 5-9 kg (Group 2, n = 77). We further divided groups 1 and 2 into women treated by diet only (GDM-D) (n = 120) and those requiring additional treatment with insulin (GDM-I) (n = 194). RESULTS: GDM-D women in Group 1 were more likely to deliver earlier (38.9 vs 39.8 weeks, p