Assessment of baseline rates of functional and absolute iron deficiency in bariatric surgery candidates: a retrospective study

Type Article

Journal Article


C. Hegarty; C. Breen; N. M. Fearon; H. M. Heneghan; N. G. Docherty; N. Gletsu Miller

Year of publication



Surg Obes Relat Dis








BACKGROUND: Preoperative optimization of iron status is a priority in candidates for bariatric surgery. Inflammation is strongly associated with obesity, and as a consequence, functional iron deficiency (ID) is potentially an underreported issue in surgical candidates. OBJECTIVES: In light of updated practice guidelines, to retrospectively review preoperative iron status in an Irish cohort of bariatric surgery candidates, taking account of the relative incidence rate of functional ID. SETTING: A tertiary care obesity service with bariatric surgery referral in Ireland. METHODS: Baseline nutritional biochemistry records were reviewed between February 2017 and February 2020 in a hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Absolute ID was defined as serum ferritin 5 mg/L. Anemia was indexed with reference to hemoglobin and qualified by vitamin B12 and folate status to rule out anemia unrelated to primary ID. RESULTS: The analysis included 120 patients, 68% female, 49.6 ± 9.3 years, and body mass index, 52.0 ± 9.6 kg/m(2). The prevalence of absolute and functional ID was 11.7% and 30.8%, respectively (P = .0003). Anemia was associated with absolute ID and functional ID in 14.3% and 10.8% of patients (P = .29). Folate and vitamin B12 deficiency occurred in